研究集会の案内

2014年度HINDAS第5回研究集会

主催:HINDAS 研究ユニット1(「経済発展と空間構造の変動」) ,
研究ユニット2(「都市・農村の発展と社会変動」)

「現代インド地域研究」広島大学拠点では、10月4日(土)に下記の要領で第5回研究集会を開催いたします。皆様のご参加をお待ちしております。

2014年度HINDAS第5回研究集会
開催日:2014年10月4日(土)
開催場所:広島大学大学院文学研究科 2階B253講義室(東広島キャンパス)
主催:HINDAS 研究ユニット1(「経済発展と空間構造の変動」)、研究ユニット2(「都市・農村の発展と社会変動」)

<プログラム(発表要旨は本ページ下部)>

13:00-14:10
Suwarn Vajracharya(Doctor Course, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba)
Language policy in Nepal from Newar Perspective

14:10-15:20
Ranjan Prakash Shrestha(IDEC), Keshav Lall Maharjan(Hiroshima Univ.)*, Tripti Rajbhandari(Asian Institute of Technology(Thailand))
A Comparative Study of the Status of Women in the Jyapu Community from the Cities of Lalitpur and Bhaktapur Districts of Nepal
(*は発表者)

15:30-16:40
Mallika Shakya (South Asian University)
Revisiting Development Discourse in Nepal: Turbulent Textile and Garment Industry as a Case Study

16:40-17:50
幅崎麻紀子(筑波大学)「ネパールにおける子育て環境の変容:女性の就労と母乳育児政策を中心に」

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HINDAS Research Unit1&2
The 5th Regular Seminar (FY2014)
Date: 4th, Oct. 2014
Venue: Room#253, Graduate School of Letters, Hiroshima University


要旨

13:00-14:10
Suwarn Vajracharya(Doctor Course, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba)
Language policy in Nepal from Newar Perspective

 This is a study of single language policy in multi-lingual Nepal and how it affects the language politics and the state-society relations. The ruling class uses language to deepen their domination over other linguistic groups through manipulation of culture, power and ideology. The affected social groups resist the people in power, who in turn co-opt and negotiate for the consent of the subjugated to sustain the hegemony. The study pursued in Newar perspective and reveals 1) how the lack of knowledge, unity and activism among the people not in power protracted their decade long subjugation despite they resist, and 2) why they continue to subscribe to a system of hegemony, which works against them. Suggesting that improvements in the state society relations are imperative, the study reflects on impediments analogous to many nationalities to their socio-economic progress, and why a persistent language policy should deter national integration of Nepal keeping the country from becoming one prosperous nation of diverse nationalities.

14:10-15:20
Ranjan Prakash Shrestha(IDEC), Keshav Lall Maharjan(Hiroshima Univ.)*, Tripti Rajbhandari(Asian Institute of Technology(Thailand))
A Comparative Study of the Status of Women in the Jyapu Community from the Cities of Lalitpur and Bhaktapur Districts of Nepal
(*は発表者)

 Nepal, one of the poorest South Asian countries is characterised as a country with a huge gender disparity, predominantly a patriarchal society, women lagging behind men economically, and socially.
The Jyapu is one of the sub-castes within Newar community, an indigenous and one of the largest ethnic groups in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. This study examines the role and involvement of the Jyapu women in the economic and social activities, with a particular focus on indigenous knowledge and practices of water uses, beliefs, and conservation efforts. The study compares and contrasts the status of the Jyapu women, in view of their participation in the decision making process. The study sheds light on the factors that influence the role of women in the decision making process in their family. The study reveals that economic empowerment of women are not sufficient for their role in the decision making, but their social activities and community participation (including water conservation related works) along with economic entrepreneurship are critical for women's role in the decision making at the household and community levels. It also reveals that women are on the forefront of water uses and conservation efforts, and hence carry indigenous knowledge and practices, contributing to climate change adaptation efforts.

15:30-16:40
Mallika Shakya (South Asian UNiversity)
Title: Revisiting Development Discourse in Nepal: Turbulent Textile and Garment Industry as a Case Study'

The end of the cold war was the beginning of a new era in South Asia. New political regimes dramatically displaced the old, while the new rhetoric of economic globalism and development overshadowed the earlier notions of national capitalism. I make sense of this paradigm shift through the everyday production and trade of textile and garments between Nepal and the United States. This industry in Nepal enjoyed a remarkable rise at the tail end of the cold war (1970s-1990s) but faced an abrupt end after 2001, bringing with it unprecedented consequences for the businessmen and workers involved. Based on my ethnographic fieldwork on the garment shop floors and trade union offices in Kathmandu, as well as my engagement with policymakers in Washington DC who regulated this industry globally, I suggest that the global politics of trade is turning Nepal into a new economic frontier of the post-cold-war era.

16:40-17:50
幅崎麻紀子(筑波大学)
「ネパールにおける子育て環境の変容:女性の就労と母乳育児政策を中心に」

ネパール・バフン社会における子育ての実践、そして近年、母親の就労によって現出した子育てをめぐる「問題」について、「親教育」や母乳育児を中心 とする母子保健政策の視点から考察する。

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