The following paper is now available online!
Wu, L., Chikaraishi, M., Nguyen, T.A.H., Fujiwara, A. (2021) Analysis of post-disaster population movement by using mobile spatial statistics, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 54, 102047.
Abstract: Understanding and predicting post-disaster human movements is critical for evaluating a population’s vulnerability and resilience and developing plans for disaster evacuation, response and recovery. In this study, we attempt to analyze population movement by using mobile spatial statistics. In order to extract behavior patterns from the aggregated data, we use four different Latent Variable Analysis (LVA) methods – Independent Component Analysis (including FastICA and Spatial colored ICA), Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF), and Sparse Principal Component Analysis (SPCA) to analyze mobile statistics data of the disaster-affected area. The results indicate that each LVA methods has its pros and cons in extracting behavior patterns from the aggregated population. We conclude that, using multiple LVA methods and finding out the common patterns would be a robust way to understand and explain population dynamics. Finally, we argue that using mobile spatial statistics would be a feasible and practical option to estimate the dynamic change of human population after the occurrence of disasters.